Gerhard Muggen


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Sustainable transport fuels

Today second-generation biofuels do not significantly contribute to our energy mix yet. However, according to energy scenarios they are predicted to contribute 0.05 Exajoule/year in 2020 and over 1 EJ/year in 2030. By 2050 their projected share of the total global energy market in EJ/year is expected to be almost 10% of that of crude oil. 

Second-generation biofuels can be derived from pyrolysis oil by direct upgrading, co-refining in existing oil refineries or through synthesis gas and subsequent synthesis processes such as Methanol, Fischer-Tropsch diesel and DME. Three different routes are currently being considered to produce biofuels from pyrolysis oil:

  • Syngas production from pyrolysis oil and subsequently synthesis to a transportation fuel. 
  • Co-processing raw pyrolysis oil together with conventional gasoil in existing refinery FCC units. 
  • Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of pyrolysis oil to produce an oil refinery compatible feedstock or final biofuel. 



BTG-BTL’s parent company is involved in the Biocoup project. Research in this project has demonstrated on laboratory scale that up to 20 % of upgraded pyrolysis oil can be mixed in a standard refinery. Furthermore Petrobras has managed to demonstrate at scale that it is feasible to co-process crude pyrolysis oil in existing oil refineries into gasoline and dieselBTG-BTL is currently working with multiple international stakeholders to make co-refining of biomass pyrolysis oil a reality. To learn more about how pyrolysis oil can be converted into biofuels please visit the BTG website.

Recently BTG has driven over 100 km on a blend of upgraded pyrolysis oil and diesel to demonstrate that pyrolysis oil can be blended in a high proportion with fossil diesel (video and press release).